DU BARTAS, GUILLAUME DE SALLUSTE°


DU BARTAS, GUILLAUME DE SALLUSTE°
DU BARTAS, GUILLAUME DE SALLUSTE° (1544–1590), French poet and diplomat. Du Bartas served Henry of Navarre as ambassador to England and Scotland. A Gascon Protestant, he opposed the paganism of the Pléiade group of poets and wrote baroque verse imbued with the spirit of the Bible. Judith (1573) commemorates the apocryphal Jewish heroine. The epic La Semaine (1578), which retells the Creation story of Genesis, and its sequel, La Seconde Semaine (begun in 1584, but never completed), set out to unfold the history of mankind to the beginning of the Christian era. The Semaines are outstanding for their lofty tone and moral purpose, though the style and imagery are often grotesque. Their encyclopedic conception betrays the influence of Du Bartas' erudite contemporary, Guy Le Fèvre de la Boderie . Du Bartas' Hebrew scholarship may have been modest but his respect for and interest in Hebrew studies and the kabbalah (typical of the French humanists) may be deduced from the lengthy "Hommage au langage hebrieu" in the Seconde Semaine. Du Bartas made a powerful impression in the 16th and 17th centuries and probably influenced Hugo, as well as Milton and Goethe, in translation. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: U.T. Holmes (ed.), Works of Guillaume De Salluste Sieur Du Bartas (1935–40); A.M. Schmidt, Poésie scientifique en France au 16è siècle (1938), 247–69; F. Secret, in: Studi francesi, 7 (1959), 1–11. (Godfrey Edmond Silverman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bartas, Guillaume de Salluste, seigneur de — (1544 1590)    poet, military figure    Born in Montfort, near Auch, Guillaume de Salluste, lord of Bartas, a Huguenot, had a reputation as a renowned soldier when he entered the service of Henri de Navarre (henry iv). For that king, he also… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bartas, Guillaume de Salluste, seigneur du — ▪ French poet born 1544, Montfort, near Auch, France died July 1590, Coudons       author of La Semaine (1578), an influential poem about the creation of the world.       Though he tried to avoid participating in the Wars of Religion, du Bartas… …   Universalium

  • DU BARTAS, Guillaume de Salluste, Seigneur — (1544 1590) Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas was an important Huguenot poet, statesman, and warrior. His most famous work, La premiere semaine ou la creation du monde (1578), is an epic poem recounting the Genesis creation story. It was translated …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Du Bartas, Guillaume de Salluste, señor — ► (1544 90) Poeta francés. Exponente de la poesía barroca francesa. Autor de La musa cristiana, Judit y La Semana o la Creación del Mundo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas — French literature By category French literary history Medieval 16th century  …   Wikipedia

  • Guillaume de Salluste Du Bartas — Guillaume du Bartas Guillaume de Saluste[1], seigneur du Bartas[2] ou plus simplement Guillaume du Bartas, né en 1544 à Monfort, près d’Auch (Gers), et mort le 28 août 1590 à Mauvezin, est un écrivain et poète français qui fut très en faveur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Du Bartas, Guillaume Salluste — (1544 1590)    French Calvinist poet and playwright. Born into a noble Gascon family and given an excellent humanistic education, he became a Calvinist and was closely associated with Henry of Navarre, the military and political leader of the… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Bartas — Bartas,   Guillaume de Salluste, Seigneur Du, französischer Dichter, Du Bartas …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bartas — (Guillaume de Salluste, seigneur du) (1544 1590) poète protestant français; la Semaine ou la Création du monde (1578 1584), d après la Bible …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guillaume Salluste du Bartas — Guillaume du Bartas Guillaume de Saluste[1], seigneur du Bartas[2] ou plus simplement Guillaume du Bartas, né en 1544 à Monfort, près d’Auch (Gers), et mort le 28 août 1590 à Mauvezin, est un écrivain et poète français qui fut très en faveur… …   Wikipédia en Français